there are so many traditional sport, game, martial arts from around korea, but i’ve listed for you 5 Korean Traditional Sport. Check this out !
- Ssireum ( Korean Wrestling )
Ssireum is somewhat similar to Japanese sumo wrestling, with two opponents trying to wrestle each other in a sandy ring. The one who throws his opponent to the ground wins a point. The annual competitions attract many spectators
Ssireum first gained widespread popularity during the Joseon Dynasty (1392–1910). Evidence of this is shown through the genre pictures of Kim. In traditional life, Ssireum was a popular activity on the Korean holiday of Dano, the 5th day of the 5th lunar month, and tournaments are held in the summer and autumn. Ssireum competitions were also held on other days such as the 3rd Day of the 3rd Moon, the 8th day of the 4th Moon, Buddhist All Souls’ Day, etc. The traditional prize for winning a tournament was an ox, a valuable commodity in agriculturally-oriented society, which symbolized the strength of the contestant
Ssireum is conducted within a circular ring, measuring approximately 7 meters in diameter, which is covered with mounded sand. The two contestants begin the match by kneeling on the sand in a grappling position (baro japki), each grabbing a belt known as a satba (샅바) which is wrapped around his opponent’s waist and thigh. The wrestlers then rise while retaining their hold on the other’s ”satba” The match is awarded to the wrestler who forces the other contestant to touch the ground with any part of his body at knee level or higher. Unlike sumo, pushing your opponent outside of the ring does not warrant a win, just a restart. Normally, professional ssireum is contested in a best-out-of-three style match.
There are 3 judges, a chief referee and three sub referees. The chief judge is positioned inside the ring, whereas the sub referees are located on the outside of the ring, one to the right and others to the left. If an unfair judgment is called or the chief referee is unable to render a decision, the sub referees can request a revocation of the decision or a rematch. In addition, they can recommend the cessation of the match when an injury occurs. The referees’ decisions throughout the competition are absolute and held in the highest regard, meaning that athletes cannot challenge any judgments declared during the match
The Creator of this game is still Unknown
The popularity around the world has propelled taekwondo into the Olympics as an official sport. Although many claim that the sport is hundreds of years old, it actually came into existance during the late 1940’s, as then President Syngman Rhee decided that Korea should have a national sport. However, it is derived from taekkyon, which is an ancient martial art.
Taekwondo was developed during the 1940’s and 1950’s by various martial artists, by combining and incorporating the elements of Karate and Chinese martial arts along with the indigenous Korean martial arts traditions of Hopkido and Tang Soo Do and along with things like Boxing and more western arts like Wrestling.
Taekwondo winning condition is by collecting points, Scoring system by International Taekwon-do Federation is : 1 point for Punch to the Body or Head, 2 points for Jumping Kick to the Body or Kick to the Head, 3 points for Jumping Kick to the Head
It is a form of self-defense that employs similar joint locks, grappling and throwing techniques to other martial arts, as well as kicks, punches, and other striking attacks. There is also the use of traditional weapons, including knife, sword, rope, sasng juhl bong ( nunchaku ), cane ( ji pang ee ), short stick (dan bong), and middle-length staff ( joong bong ).
Hapkido contains both long- and close-range fighting techniques, utilizing jumping kicks and percussive hand strikes at longer ranges as well as pressure point strikes, joint locks, or throws at closer fighting distances. Hapkido emphasizes circular motion, redirection of force, and control of the opponent. Practitioners seek to gain advantage through footwork and body positioning to incorporate the use of leverage, avoiding the use of strength against strength.
Creator of this art is Choi Yong-sool, he was taken to Japan during the Japanese occupation of South Korea when he was Eight Years old. He returned to Korea after the end of World War 2 and in 1948 he began teaching his art at a brewery owned by the father of his first student. He first called his art “Yu Sul” or “Yawara” and then “Hap Ki Yu Kwoon Sool” and Eventually Hapkido.
- Tang Soo Do
is a Korean martial art incorporating fighting principles from Subak (as described in the Kwon Bup Chong Do), as well as northern Chinese Kung Fu. The techniques of what is commonly known as Tang Soo Do combine elements of Shotokan Karate, Subak, Taekkyon, and Kung Fu.
The creator of this martial art is Hwang Kee, During the late 1930s, Hwang Kee had mastered the native Korean martial arts of Subak and Taekkyeon It was during this time that the Japanese occupied Korea, and the resident general, in an attempt to control the population, banned the practice of native martial arts, setting the penalty at imprisonment.
In 1936, Hwang Kee attracted the attention of the Japanese secret police, forcing him to pack his bags and set out on foot for Manchuria, where he experienced scenes of lawlessness and destruction whilst working as a railroad worker. As a result, Hwang Kee decided to enter China, where he would live the next 20 years. He entered China at night from the southern end of the Great Wall of China, which he scaled and descended into China on the other side
At this time in China, it was hard for any martial artist to find a master willing to take them on as a student. Despite this, Hwang Kee became acquainted with Master Yang, who taught Hwang Kee the northern style Yang kung-fu (Nei-ga-ryu), a stronger and more passive art than the southern style that can be used at close quarters. Following the conclusion of World War II, Hwang Kee returned to Korea.
Jultagi or eoreum is traditional Korean performance of tightrope-walking. There is no evidence when this acrobatic performance originated. Some scholars presumed it appeared during Silla and Goryeo era. It became more famous in Joseon dynasty era and still exists to this day.
It is different from the tightrope-walking styles of other countries, because it is usually accompanied by music plays by telling a story to entertain viewers. Jultagi is held on Public holidays in South Korea like Daeboreum, Dano and Chuseok holidays.
The Korean folk village in Seoul also presents this play to entertain tourists. It was also performed in events held in the royal palace, banquets of high-ranking government officers or village festivals. The tightrope walking performance is composed of a rope player, a clown and musical instrument players.
Source : Here and Here